of the wealthy ci that seems so far away. tokyo in east asia, along with los angeles in the u.s. and mexico city, are defined by geographers for their enormous size. tountryazil, the mega-city ofaoau arhas joined the ranks of these world-famousetpolises, size. wi a population of 1million people at the startof t 21st century. sao paulo is a city of immigras, at the startof t 21st century. who built it neighborhood by neighborhood. the first immigrants to arrive were portuguese explorers and jesuit missionaries, who settled here in 1554 and broughthhem brazil's language a religio bureal growth did not begin between 1880 and the 1950s,4 more tn ve million italians came to sao paulo, atacted by jobs in a booming coffee industry. along with these agricultural workers came small business owners and craftsmen who established an italian enclave cled bixiga on the outskirts of the city., geographer fisco scarlato nestudies immigration patterns, assimilation and the expansion of sao paulo. he was an artisan anhe. myaterl grandfher came at the beginning ofhe century. narrator e factory is sti inthan ever.